The first boundary value problem for the fractional diffusion equation in a degenerate angular domain


  • M.I. Ramazanov
  • A.V. Pskhu
  • M.T. Omarov



partial differential equation, fractional calculus, angular domain, kernel, weak singularity, parabolic cylinder, Carleman-Vekua equation, general solution, unique solution, Riemann-Lioville fractional operator


This article addresses the problems observed in branching fractal structures, where super-slow transport processes can occur, a phenomenon described by diffusion equations with a fractional time derivative. The characteristic feature of these processes is their extremely slow relaxation rate, where a physical quantity changes more gradually than its first derivative. Such phenomena are sometimes categorized as processes with “residual memory”. The study presents a solution to the first boundary problem in an angular domain degenerating into a point at the initial moment of time for a fractional diffusion equation with the RiemannLiouville fractional differentiation operator with respect to time. It establishes the existence theorem of the problem under investigation and constructs a solution representation. The need for understanding these super-slow processes and their impact on fractal structures is identified and justified. The paper demonstrates how these processes contribute to the broader understanding of fractional diffusion equations, proving the theorem’s existence and formulating a solution representation.