On the stability of the difference analogue of the boundary value problem for a mixed type equation


  • G.B. Bakanov
  • S.K. Meldebekova




ill-posed problem, boundary value problem, mixed-type equation, stability estimate, difference problem, quadratic form


This paper considers a difference problem for a mixed-type equation, to which a problem of integral geometry for a family of curves satisfying certain regularity conditions is reduced. These problems are related to numerous applications, including interpretation problem of seismic data, problem of interpretation of Xray images, problems of computed tomography and technical diagnostics. The study of difference analogues of integral geometry problems has specific difficulties associated with the fact that for finite-difference analogues of partial derivatives, basic relations are performed with a certain shift in the discrete variable. In this regard, many relations obtained in a continuous formulation, when transitioned to a discrete analogue, have a more complex and cumbersome form, which requires additional studies of the resulting terms with a shift. Another important feature of the integral geometry problem is the absence of a theorem for existence of a solution in general case. Consequently, the paper uses the concept of correctness according to A.N. Tikhonov, particularly, it is assumed that there is a solution to the problem of integral geometry and its differential-difference analogue. The stability estimate of the difference analogue of the boundary value problem for a mixed-type equation obtained in this work is vital for understanding the effectiveness of numerical methods for solving problems of geotomography, medical tomography, flaw detection, etc. It also has a great practical significance in solving multidimensional inverse problems of acoustics, seismic exploration.